Surveyors Equipment | Chains and Compasses

What’s New items handmade in the 18th century manner

All of these items are in stock and ready to ship now.   For a shipping quote, please e-mail me with your shipping address and the item number of what you are interested in.


Wooden Surveyors Compass

This is a copy of an 18th century circumferentor or Surveyors compass on a three legged staff which are made from mahogany.  Dimensions of the body are 15″ long, 6-3/8″ wide and the height of sight bars are 4-3/4″ the sighting hair is black horse hair.  I copied the compass card from an original New England Compass. (circa 1760)   It illustrates an 8 point compass rose with a traditional Fleur-de-lis at North.  The needle ring is divided 0-90 degrees in four quadrants.  I make the needle from .025 thick tool steel and hand filed to balance on the 5/32″ iron pivot and it is 6 13/16″ long.  I first turn the brass needle hub to create the interior pivot and then cut and file it to create the wing protrusions.

The glass protecting the card is Bendheim full restoration glass which is using the authentic mouth-blown cylinder glass technique.  It exhibits surface distortion and the occasional air bubble, while the glazing used to retain the glass is Allback linseed oil glazing putty. It is simply purified organic linseed oil and whiting (Calcium Carbonate)  I stained this compass with a brown mahogany dye,  applied a coat of shellac and then put a glaze over that to give a more aged look and further protected it with a blend of Oil and Varnish.  I also provide a box to protect and store the Compass in which is made from mahogany.  It has hand cut dovetail corners with nailed top and bottom.   The box measures 8″ deep x 17″ wide x 9″ high

$1650.00 Item # 2000 SOLD


Wooden Surveyors Compass

This is a copy of an 18th century circumferentor or Surveyors compass on a three legged staff which are made from maple.  Dimensions of the body are 15″ long, 6-3/8″ wide and the height of sight bars are 4-3/4″ the sighting hair is black horse hair.  I copied the compass card from an original New England Compass. (circa 1760)   It illustrates an 8 point compass rose with a traditional Fleur-de-lis at North.  The needle ring is divided 0-90 degrees in four quadrants.  I make the needle from .025 thick tool steel and hand filed to balance on the 5/32″ iron pivot and it is 6 13/16″ long.  I first turn the brass needle hub to create the interior pivot and then cut and file it to create the wing protrusions.

The glass protecting the card is Bendheim full restoration glass which is using the authentic mouth-blown cylinder glass technique.  It exhibits surface distortion and the occasional air bubble, while the glazing used to retain the glass is Allback linseed oil glazing putty. It is simply purified organic linseed oil and whiting (Calcium Carbonate)  I painted this compass with two coat of sea green milk paint, made by the old fashioned  milk paint Company and further protected it with a blend of Oil and Varnish.  I also provide a box to protect and store the Compass in which is made from white pine and left raw.  It has hand cut dovetail corners with nailed top and bottom.   The box measures 8″ deep x 17″ wide x 9″ high

$1250.00 Item # 2001 SOLD


Wooden Surveyors Compass

This is a copy of an 18th century circumferentor or Surveyors compass on a three legged staff which are made from maple.  Dimensions of the body are 15″ long, 6-3/8″ wide and the height of sight bars are 4-3/4″ the sighting hair is black horse hair.  I copied the compass card from an original New England Compass. (circa 1760)   It illustrates an 8 point compass rose with a traditional Fleur-de-lis at North.  The needle ring is divided 0-90 degrees in four quadrants.  I make the needle from .025 thick tool steel and hand filed to balance on the 5/32″ iron pivot and it is 6 13/16″ long.  I first turn the brass needle hub to create the interior pivot and then cut and file it to create the wing protrusions.

The glass protecting the card is Bendheim full restoration glass which is using the authentic mouth-blown cylinder glass technique.  It exhibits surface distortion and the occasional air bubble, while the glazing used to retain the glass is Allback linseed oil glazing putty.  It is simply purified organic linseed oil and whiting (Calcium Carbonate)  I painted this compass with two coat of mustard milk paint, made by the old fashioned  milk paint Company and I also stained it to give a more aged look and further protected it with a blend of Oil and Varnish.  I also provide a box to protect and store the Compass in which is made from white pine and left raw.  It has hand cut dovetail corners with nailed top and bottom.   The box measures 8″ deep x 17″ wide x 9″ high

$1250.00 Item #2002 SOLD


Turned Wooden Compass

This portable compass is incased in a turned walnut lidded box.  The compass card  illustrates a 32-wind compass rose with a traditional Fleur-de-lis at North.  The needle ring is is divided  0-360.  The steel needle is balanced on a brass hub with wing protrusions. This is covered by a piece of handblown glass and kept in place by a brass retaining ring.  It has a shellac finish.

Box is 4-1/2″ dia. x 1-3/8″ h

$325.00 / Item # 2003


Cased Wooden Compass

This portable compass has a walnut flat hinged cover held closed with a brass pin and clasp.  The compass card illustrates a 16-wind compass rose with a traditional Fleur-de-lis at North.  The needle ring is is divided 0-90 in four quadrants.  The steel needle is balanced on on a brass hub with wing protrusions.  This is covered by a piece of handblown glass and kept in place by a brass retaining ring.  It has a Shellac finish.

Box is 4-1/2″ w x 1-1/4″

$325.00 / Item # 2004


  Gunters Surveyors chain (half)

The surveyor’s chain is also called a Gunter’s chain because it  was invented by Edmund Gunter (1581-1626) an English mathematician.  A full chain is 66′ long,   consisting of 100 links or 33′ for a half chain (50 links)  This chain is copied from an original 18th century chain.  It has no brass markers and is a half chain (33′ long.)

$200.00 / Item # 2005 


Samuel Lane surveyors chain (half)

The surveyor’s chain is also called a Gunter’s chain because it  was  invented by Edmund Gunter (1581-1626) an English mathematician.  A full chain is 66′ long,   consisting of 100 links or 33′ for a half chain (50 links)  This chain is copied from an original 18th century chain, including the brass tags or markers that are set at 10 link intervals, one finger for 10 links, 2 fingers for 20 links. This is a half chain (33′ long.)

 $240.00 / Item # 2006


Wooden Surveyors Compass

This is a copy of an 18th century circumferentor or Surveyors compass on a three legged staff which are made from maple.  Dimensions of the body are 15″ long, 6-3/8″ wide and the height of sight bars are 4-3/4″ the sighting hair is black horse hair.  I copied the compass card from an original New England Compass. (circa 1760)   It illustrates an 8 point compass rose with a traditional Fleur-de-lis at North.  The needle ring is divided 0-90 degrees in four quadrants.  I make the needle from .025 thick tool steel and hand filed to balance on the 5/32″ iron pivot and it is 6 13/16″ long.  I first turn the brass needle hub to create the interior pivot and then cut and file it to create the wing protrusions.

The glass protecting the card is Bendheim full restoration glass which is using the authentic mouth-blown cylinder glass technique.  It exhibits surface distortion and the occasional air bubble, while the glazing used to retain the glass is made in my shop from shellac and whiting. (Calcium Carbonate)  I painted this compass with two coat of salem red milk paint, made by the old fashioned  milk paint Company  and further protected it with a blend of Oil and Varnish.  I also provide a box to protect and store the Compass in which is made from white pine and left raw.  It has hand cut dovetail corners with nailed top and bottom.   The box measures 8″ deep x 17″ wide x 4-1/2″ high

$1250.00 / Item #2007